How to style HTML elements tags using the id attribute in CSS?

July 20, 2021 - 2 min read

To style an HTML element tag using an id, you can use the id attribute on the HTML element tag and then assign a unique name as the id to that element.

Since all the id names should be unique, you cannot apply one id to more than 1 element in the HTML.

For example, consider a p (paragraph) tag with an id of pTag in HTML like this,

<!-- Paragraph tag-->
<p id="pTag">Hello World!</p>

Now in the CSS stylesheet, we can apply the styles to the p HTML tag by writing the name of the id.

To denote that we are using an id in the CSS stylesheet we need to use the # (hash character) before writing the name of the id.

It can be done like this,

/* Use the "pTag" id to set paragrah tag text color as red */
#pTag {
  color: red;

This will apply a font color of red to the text inside the p (paragraph) HTML element tag.

See the above code live in JSBin.

How is it different from using the class attribute?

  • When using the class attribute to style HTML elements, we can reuse the class names and apply them to more than 1 HTML element tag.

  • But when using an id attribute, we cannot reuse it more than once.

That's all 😃!

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