How to stop or abort a fetch request in JavaScript?

Published August 26, 2020

To stop or abort a fetch request, you have to use the AbortController API. This helps to stop the fetch request from the client-side only but not on the server-side. The server continues to process the request even after the request is stopped from the client-side.

Let's see this in action.

First, we need to create an object of AbortController.

// create an object of AbortController
const controller = new AbortController();

Then we need to get the signal property from the controller object and pass it as an option to the fetch request as an option.

// create an object of AbortController
const controller = new AbortController();

// get the signal property from the controller
const signal = controller.signal;

Pass the signal property as an option to the fetch request.

The signal property is a Read-only property.

Let's use an API endpoint from JSONPlaceholder website for the fetch request.

// create an object of AbortController
const controller = new AbortController();

// get the signal property from the controller
const signal = controller.signal;

// fetch request
// passing signal as an option
fetch("https://jsonplaceholder.typicode.com/posts", { signal })
  .then((response) => response.json())
  .then((json) => console.log(json));

We have now configured the fetch request to use the AbortController.

Now to stop the ongoing fetch request we have to use the abort() method in the controller object.

// To stop the ongoing fetch request
controller.abort();

To see the working example see JSBin.

Feel free to share if you found this useful 😃.


Share on: Facebook Twitter