How to add event listeners to HTML elements using JavaScript?

Published June 9, 2020

Event listeners listen for specific events happening on HTML DOM elements.


Consider a login button like this.

<button id="loginButton">Login</button>

We need to trigger some action when user clicks on this button.

To achieve that we need to add a click event listener to it.

First, let's get a reference to the login button in javascript using the getElementById() function.

// Get a reference to the login button using the id attribute.
const loginButton = document.getElementById("loginButton");

Now let's attach the click event listener to the login button using the addEventListener() function.

// Get a reference to the login button using the id attribute.
const loginButton = document.getElementById("loginButton");

// Adding the click event listener.
loginButton.addEventListener("click", function () {
  // You can add you own logic here
  // Eg: We can send our user details to server
  alert("Logging in..");
  sendUserDetailsToServer();
});

The addEventListener() function takes 2 arguments:

  • the event name as the first argument
  • function to invoke as the second argument

In our case click is the event name (first argument) and a function that sends user details to the server as the second argument, this function will be triggered when the user clicks on the button.

There are many types of event you can add to HTML DOM elements such as:

  • click
  • keydown
  • keypress
  • load
  • focus
  • blur

and many more.

Feel free to share if you found this useful 😃.


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